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1. National Hydrogen Energy Road Map (NHERM) was prepared and adopted by the National Hydrogen Energy Boardto identify the pathways, which will lead to gradual introduction of hydrogen energy, accelerate commercialization efforts and facilitate the creation of hydrogen energy infrastructure in the country. NHERM covered all aspects of hydrogen energy development in India including its production, storage, transport, delivery, application, codes & standards, public awareness and capacity building.

2. National Hydrogen Energy Programme envisages to be implemented in Public-Private partnership mode. Environmentally benign processes/technologies for the production of hydrogen developed and demonstrated. Materials/alloys/methods developed for storage of hydrogen as metal hydrides. Hydrogen based two-wheeler (motor cycle), three wheeler (with hydrogen storage in metal hydride and composite Type-III cylinder), mini buses, catalytic combustion systems, fuel cell power systems, etc. developed and demonstrated by the BHU, IIT Chennai,

3. Hydrogen - Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) and hydrogen dispensing stations set up in New Delhi and Faridabad.

4. Hydrogen production system based on alkaline electrolyser powered by electricity produced by Solar PV system along with associated compression, storage and dispensing facility established at National Institute of Solar Energy, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon.

5. Laboratory scale prototypes have been developed and demonstrated and these include bio-hydrogen production using distillery wastes; proton exchange membrane based electrolysers for hydrogen production through splitting of water and water methanol mixture; methanol reformer for production of hydrogen; reformer for production of hydrogen from glycerol; hydrogen catalytic combustion cookers; hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for stationary power generation; etc.

Courtesy to: Govt. of India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

ISRO, Tata Motors begin trial run of fuel cell bus:

In a significant step for automobile research & development (R&D) in the country, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and automobile major Tata Motors have developed a hydrogen-powered bus. The bus is currently in trial stages as the company looks to reach a viable market proposition.

The Tata Starbus – Fuel Cell is a compressed natural gas (CNG) type of bus using hydrogen bottles as fuel. These are stored on top of the bus.

This environment-friendly bus is ideal for stop and go applications and is built on rear module low entry platform, equipped with a ramp facility, pneumatic door operations, and climate control features. The fuel cell technology makes this bus completely clean and silent on-road,” a Tata Motors spokesperson said, in response to queries.

The vehicle has been developed following several years of research as Tata Motors had entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in 2006 with ISRO to design and develop such a product.

Accordingly, Tata Motors had set up a fuel cell power system test laboratory in Bangalore and later at ISRO’s Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.

Tata Motors started its innovation with CNG products and moved on to series and parallel CNG-electric hybrid buses.

City solution

The Tata Starbus – Fuel Cell is a zero emission transport solution for commuting within the city. “The bus is currently in trial stages before it reaches a viable market proposition, supported by the necessary support infrastructure,” the spokesperson said, adding, “Tata Motors remains committed towards working with non-conventional alternate energy sources for more efficient modes of public transportation. We continue to work closely with the government and various key stakeholders towards options for emerging technologies.”

Courtesy to: RAMNATH SUBBU; The Hindu

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